It is the Industrial Revolution. It used to consist of about a dozen kingdoms eg Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex, East Anglia etc. Over time, civil war, revolution and reforms have led to changes in the running of the country and the monarchy’s power. Slave trading had begun earlier in Sierra Leone, but that region did not become a British possession until 1787. On 12 July 927, the various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms were united by Æthelstan (r. 927–939) to form the Kingdom of England. The earliest evidence for early modern humans in North West Europe, a jawbone discovered in Devon at Kents Cavern in 1927, was re-dated in 2011 to between 41,000 and 44,000 years old. England did not become another country in the 1700s. Its name remains the same as it does today. England became a unified Kingdom in about 927, under King Athelstan. The United States became a country on July 4, 1776, when the Continental Congress formally endorsed the Declaration of Independence. There was some consolidation over time, but it was the Danish Viking invasion of 865 which prompted the remaining Anglo-Saxons to unify. However, the first time a foreign country officially recognized the United States as independent was in 1777, when Morocco recognized the independence of the United States. The answer is very simple. England did not become another country in the 1700s. During the Middle Ages, most European kings believed they had been given the right to rule their subjects by God. If you are constantly under threat you do things to protect yourself. The United Kingdom was created in 1801, by the Second Act of Union. The 20th century saw changes with democracy and women’s right to vote. The British Isles became inhabited more than 800,000 years ago, as the discovery of stone tools and footprints at Happisburgh in Norfolk has revealed. The Kingdom of Great Britain was formed by the Act of Union 1707. Its name remains the same as it does today. 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