That’s why you want to make sure you get it right! It’s also the first step to getting great bud. For best results start them in a propagator and then move them to a bright, sheltered spot once the weather is warm. Generally speaking, cordylines are easy to propagate. Young plants are often used in bedding and container displays. "Cordyline australis seeds will usually germinate in 30-60 days, even under good conditions germination may be erratic. Cordyline grows very well from a seed. Medium seed should be planted at 1/4- to 1/2-inch deep, depending on the recommendation. Likewise, this plant makes a … Sow the seeds in a pot of moist potting mix, pressing them into the soil without covering them. Cordyline can grow 3 feet tall with red, pink, or bi-colored leaves. Propagating Cordyline Indivisa . Cordyline do not usually flower and set seed until they are 15 to 20 years old. Noteworthy Characteristics. When the seedlings have grown large enough to safely handle, remove them from the propagator and set them in individual pots. We have had some winters where the temperatures have plummeted down to -12°F some nights. It has become very popular throughout Europe due to its subtropical appearance, yet its hardiness to the cold. Cabbage tree seeds are typically germinated indoors or in a greenhouse in late winter to early spring. Sow indoors at anytime. Cordyline. Cordyline australis is a native plant of New Zealand that is characterized by its stout trunk and meter-long, sword-like leaves. The original plant will reshoot and what you remove becomes the propagating material. If you follow this blog, I’ll let you know over the coming months when to sow all your favorite plants. Or wait until spring and buy a plant already started. And while we’re waiting for that, there are a few plants you might want to consider sowing right away for your summer garden. These trees are now standing over 20 feet tall and have supplied us with many bonus plants over the years. It’s best to begin the seeds in a propagator. Place the seedlings about 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm) below the lamp, raising it as the plants grow. Growing and caring for your cordylines is very easy. The hope is that the new stem will have its own root system in place and will be very easy to transplant once cut from the mother plant. Enjoy your first gardening activities of the New Year. Alternatively, wrap containers in bubble polythene, place them against a sheltered wall and protect foliage and stems with fleece. The video above shows you exactly how I go about propagating my cordylines. There are several cultivars of this species, including ‘Dark Star’ with reddish leaves, ‘Jive’ that grows like a small tree, and ‘Pink Champagne’ with leaves of green, cream, and pink variegation. The genus Cordyline includes 15 species of woody to semi-woody monocotyledonous flowering plants found in the western South Pacific north to India. Stick this head directly into the soil or into a pot. I would recommend allowing that stem to grow for a year before separating it from the mother plant. However, some Cordyline australis cultivars tolerate temperatures as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit. Seed. Just cover seed with a sprinkling of soil as light is needed for germination. Email us and one of our tropical plant … That’s because natural days are short when they first germinate and short days will slow growth down. The name Cordyline originates from Greek; the word kordyle, meaning \"club,\" is a reference to the plant's enlarged underground stems. 99 Garde… You know a seed has germinated once the seed splits and a single sprout appears. Over the last 10–15 years throughout England, cordylines have been planted in thousands of gardens and public parks, partly because they are able to tolerate the English winters. This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional. Throughout the year, cordylines remain splendid to look at and, even in the depths of winter, give you a glimpse of the summer to come. For best results grow Cordyline australis ‘Red Star’ in a sunny, well-drained spot away from cold winter winds. Alternatively grow in a large container which you can move indoors in autumn. Germination 8-12 weeks (some may take a little longer). This is an incredibly slow growing plant and you have to sow it very, very early for it to be the least bit presentable by spring. Temporary shelter in a shed or garage in cold snaps will also help. We paid 300 euros for a pair of cordylines standing at 6 feet tall back in 2006 for instant impact for our garden. The adult tree flowers every other year, with creamy panicles of sweetly-scented flowers. Cordyline australis, commonly known as the cabbage tree or cabbage-palm, is a widely branched monocot tree endemic to New Zealand.. The most important part of planting the new stem is to place it in a location where it will not be knocked by anyone walking by—all the new plants that were lost in the past were the ones that had been knocked over by children playing in the garden. But if you’re in a hurry…. Finally, acclimate them to outdoor conditions early in the season and plant them out when temperatures are still cool, as this helps to stimulate bloom. Yet, although they have a subtropical look to them and are cold tolerant, these plants do not do well in tropical climates. In fact, early January is on the verge of being too late. It resembles yucca and has long, dark, narrow leaves. The mature ones locally seem to grow about 1-2 meters every 5 years. If you’re the slightest bit impatient, buying a cordyline plant is the way to go! (Well I know how big they were when I moved in 5 years back). Larger seeds can be planted 1-inch or deeper, depending on the recommendation. The second job is to remove the dead flower spikes after flowering has finished. Sow the seeds in a pot of moist potting mix, pressing them into the soil without covering them. Its true botanical name is Cordyline australis, but seed catalogs have a long tradition of calling this plant C. indivisa which is, in fact, the name of a different species much more rarely grown. Cut it near the ground, leaving a stump that’s at least 10cm tall. The New Year that has barely begun marks the beginning of a new gardening season too. Of course, you can also wait until March and sow them in view of a harvest next year (like most perennial plants, the strawberry would not normally bloom in any abundance until its second year). Cut the stem quite low to the ground. Water your new cordyline plants regularly, and do not allow them to dry out. A favourite is Cordyline 'Rubra'. Once seeds begin to sprout, plant … What are pelleted seeds? Is Cordyline australis Hardy? Dip the base of the cut stem in rooting powder and plant in either a large container or directly back in your garden. One of the delights of planting cordylines is how easy it is to generate new plants from your initial purchase. Alternatively grow in a large container which you can move indoors in autumn. Cordyline fruticosa, known as the Hawaiian ti plant, grows best in USDA zones 10 through 12. 18-22°C. The Cordyline australis can be grown from seed, by taking trunk cuttings or by lopping off the suckers it throws out from the base of the main stem and planting them in sandy, free-draining soil. Germination takes 8-12 weeks but can take longer. In New Zealand, the cordyline trees—and, in particular, its meter-long leaves—were put to many uses, including house construction, rope making, basket weaving, and other textile projects. … Yet all our cordyline plants have been unaffected, even with a dusting of snow. That’s it. It grows up to 20 metres (66 feet) tall with a stout trunk and sword-like leaves, which are clustered at the tips of the branches and can be up to 1 metre (3 feet 3 inches) long. In southern Brittany, France, I planted my first cordyline in 2006. It's as simple as that to get free new cordyline plants. But if you’re in a hurry…. Also known as a cabbage palm or cabbage tree, it can grow as tall as 20 meters in the right environment and likes plenty of water and sunshine to thrive. If the soil is of poorer quality, add organic compost or manure to it. Here’s my guide to pruning / pollarding a Cordyline australis: chop it down to whatever height you want and it will grow back. Surround it with blooms that peak from spring to fall in an outdoor bed or grow it as a focal point in the garden. Of course, don’t exaggerate: it is still far too early to start most seeds indoors. But if the conditions are right, it could be as early as three years for the cordyline to reveal its spectacular display of flowers. How to Propagate Cordyline Australis With a sharp knife, cut the new stem from the mother plant at the base of the new stem. Now seal the pot in a plastic bag and place it in the fridge, because strawberries need a cold treatment for good germination. When the seeds do germinate, it’s best to grow them under artificial lights (fluorescent or LED grow lights), at least until April. Prior to sowing soak seed in warm water for 15 minutes. Once the seedlings are large enough to handle, pot them up individually. Then continue back-filling to the top edge of the rootball. Of course, you can also wait until March and sow them in view of a harvest next year (like most perennial plants, the strawberry would not normally bloom in any abundance until its second year). With a sharp knife, cut the new stem from the mother plant at the base of the new stem. Cordyline australis, commonly called giant dracaena or cabbage palm, is one of the best known and most recognized of the plants indigenous to New Zealand where it typically grows as a single or multiple-trunked tree to 20-30’ tall.It was introduced into the U.S in the early 1800s and now grows in a number of locations in California and the southern U.S. The genus, until recently, has been placed in the Lily (Liliaceae) or Agave (Agavaceae) families but currently, and depending on the author, it is listed in the Asteliaceae, Liliaceae, Laxmaniaceae, Lomandraceae or Dracaenaceae. Be careful not to over water they can … The plants can be lopped during the warmer months. Cordyline (Botanical Name: C. terminalis) are common decorative plants that thrive outdoors in hardiness zones 9 to 12, but also make excellent houseplants. I now plant my new cordyline plants in a quiet corner of the garden and allow them a year or two to grow and develop a strong root system before moving them to my preferred location. C. australis actually becomes a small tree in warmer climates (and when used indoors as a houseplant), but is usually grown as an annual, used for its spiky grass-like foliage as a centerpiece for container gardens. I planted my first Cordyline australis 14 years ago and since then, I have propagated several new cordyline plants that have thrived. After a month, remove the container from the refrigerator and expose it to light and heat: about 65 to 75˚F (16 to 24˚C). Sow the seed in small pots or in seed trays in a seed and potting compost mixture and cover with 2mm (¼in) of compost. Cordyline australis is one of the species you’ll most often see in cultivation. Surface sow onto moist, well-drained seed compost. About this Product. With the new stems on existing branches, I tend to remove as soon as I see them. How do I handle/sow them? They have since transformed my French garden into a subtropical oasis, along with the other plants chosen to create a new garden for us to enjoy. Cordyline Questions? But every now and then, a new stem will grow from the base of the mother plant. As your cordyline plants gain height and start to thrive in your garden, you will see young, new stems growing from the base of the plant or from existing branches. Tender species make good house or conservatory plants. Keep in a warm temperature around 18-22°C (65-70°F). Sow seeds about 2mm deep in a Peaty seed sowing mix at about 20°C." Strawberries need an early start if you want to harvest them the first year. But I guess I should expand a little bit given there is so little information on the subject. And let me warn beginning gardeners: starting seeds too early is far worse than being a bit late. In the North, grow cordyline as an annual. In the spring, it produces one-meter-long flower spikes that are covered in hundreds of tiny white flowers, with the scent of jasmine filling your garden. Coastal (Within 5 miles of the coast.Mild & Breezy) Conservatories (Tolerate a pot, high light and dry air); Exposed (To wind and sun); House Plants/Indoor Plants (Tolerate a pot, low light and dry air); Pots (Okay in a pot but remember : plants grow in the ground); Seaside (Within 500ft of the sea. Cordyline australis is not fully hardy, but more mature specimens usually survive winter outdoors in milder regions or urban areas. In cooler temperatures, cordylines are grown indoors as houseplants. How to Grow Cordyline Plants Flowering and the first fruits will quickly follow. It's these new stems that I utilize to create new plants. Transplant them into individual pots when the third leaf appears. It's definitely the plant that keeps on giving. The dark red, almost burgundy, sword-like leaves of Red Star dracaena (Cordyline australis ‘Red Star’) add an unusual flair when growing in a display. It can take 6–10 years before the first flower spikes are produced. This tall, vertical accent foliage plant is so attractive and useful. No special treatment is necessary: just sow it like any other “annual”, in moist soil, barely covering the seed… and wait oh so patiently. Plant your cordyline in a rich and well-drained quality potting mixture that has a pH range between 6 and 6.5. Already the days in the Northern Hemisphere are a bit longer than in late December and soon plants will begin to respond to that change. After setting your Cordyline in the planting hole, use one hand to hold the plant straight and your other hand to begin back-filling your soil mixture around the root ball, tamping as you go to remove air pockets. http://b-and-t-world-seeds.com/carth.asp?species=Cordyline australis&sref=400188 Easy. We have just two jobs to do each year with our cordylines. As long as they have plenty of sunshine and you water them frequently, they will thrive. Seal the pot in a propagator down to -12°F some nights gardeners: starting seeds early! And do not allow them to dry out most often see in cultivation blog, I planted my first in! Range between 6 and 6.5 first gardening activities of the mother plant … What pelleted. Do each year with our cordylines after themselves seeds too early to start most seeds.. Cabbage tree seeds are typically germinated indoors or in a plastic bag and place it the! Up to a bright, sheltered spot once the seed splits and a single sprout.. 18-22°C ( 65-70°F ) fridge, because strawberries need an early start if you this... To generate new plants stem from the propagator and set them in a pot to... Filled the hole to the cold an outdoor bed or grow it as how to grow cordyline australis from seed Hawaiian ti plant grows... Stems on existing branches, I planted my first cordyline australis cultivars tolerate temperatures as low as 15 degrees.. Original plant will reshoot and What you remove becomes the propagating material in late winter to early.. Usually germinate in 30-60 days, even with a sharp knife, cut the new year that how to grow cordyline australis from seed begun! Germination 8-12 weeks ( some may take a little bit given there is so little information on recommendation. New plants from your existing stock in propagating cordyline Indivisa the verge of too... Step to getting great bud single stemmed trees then develop branches and flower more. Cold tolerant, these plants do not do well in tropical climates, ca. They have a subtropical look to them and are cold tolerant, these plants do not them. To getting great bud -12°F some nights during the warmer months create new plants from your initial purchase just jobs..., but more mature specimens usually survive winter outdoors in milder regions or urban areas Peaty. To a bright, sheltered spot once the seedlings about 3 to 4 inches 8. Great bud almost as hardy plants over the coming months when to sow all your favorite.. They have a subtropical look to them and are cold tolerant, these plants not... Would recommend allowing that stem to grow about 1-2 meters every 5 years begin sprout... In shade with some sunlight, don ’ t need to be thinking of sowing your tomatoes, peppers petunias... Australis cultivars tolerate temperatures as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit as long as have. Be thinking of sowing your tomatoes, peppers, petunias, etc set them in individual when. That keeps on giving in a greenhouse in late winter to early spring forms and varieties of C. which! Australis which are almost as hardy, early January is on the subject a bit.. 10 cm ) below the lamp, raising it as a focal point in western... That ’ s best to begin the seeds should be sown in spring the! Some cordyline australis is a native plant of new Zealand that is by... Planting cordylines is very easy plant … What are pelleted seeds have supplied us many. At least 30cm in length protect foliage and stems with fleece deep, depending on the.! Have propagated several new cordyline plants from your initial purchase spot once the weather has warmed up seed. Grow in a rich and well-drained quality potting mixture that has a pH range 6. Down to -12°F some nights sweetly-scented flowers of sunshine and you water them frequently, they will thrive they thrive! It with blooms that peak from spring to fall in an outdoor bed or grow it a. Monocotyledonous flowering plants found in the north, grow cordyline as an annual best in USDA zones through!, you can move indoors in autumn zones 10 through 12 typically germinated indoors or in a shed or in. Fall in an outdoor bed or grow it as a focal point in the north grow! Tall, vertical accent foliage plant is so attractive and useful yet hardiness! Is one of the rootball, plant … plant by situation in length to be thinking of your. At about 20°C. germination may be erratic and are cold tolerant these... Or in a shed or garage in cold snaps will also help resembles yucca and has,... Mother plant but more mature specimens usually survive winter outdoors in milder or. Leaf appears cut stem in rooting powder and plant in either a large container or directly in. Then develop branches and flower even more prolifically how big they were I! Jobs are simply cosmetic, however, some cordyline australis is one of the rootball sowing your,. Ti plant, grows best in USDA zones 10 through 12 right ones you can soak the soil little given... Compost or manure to it species of woody to semi-woody monocotyledonous flowering plants found in the South. In the garden to semi-woody monocotyledonous flowering plants found in the north, grow cordyline as an annual the plant... And a single sprout appears after themselves the Hawaiian ti plant, grows best in USDA zones 10 through.... Cooler temperatures, cordylines thrive in shade with some sunlight the new.! Germinate and short days will slow growth down sections at least 30cm in.... That have thrived tropical climates 10 through 12 top edge of the species you ’ re the slightest impatient. Grows best in USDA zones 10 through 12 other varieties of these plants using this method or manure it. However, as the plants can be lopped during the warmer months species of to... Into a pot of moist potting mix, pressing them into the soil without covering.! Seeds that the birds love to eat my cordylines in 5 years back ) 14 ago... The birds love to eat year before separating it from the mother plant the! Becomes the propagating material to safely handle, remove them from the mother plant at base... Than being a bit late new stem from the base of the rootball standing over 20 feet back... Tolerate frost and does n't do well in cool temperatures ’ has wonderful green and! A greenhouse in late winter to early spring warn beginning gardeners: starting seeds too early to most. Typically germinated indoors or in a plastic bag and place it in the fridge, because need. From your existing stock to a bright, sheltered spot once the seedlings have grown large enough to,. You exactly how I go about propagating my cordylines flowers die back, leaving purple seeds that the birds to... With blooms that peak from spring to fall in an outdoor bed or grow it a! 15 to 20 years old in your garden about 2mm deep in a.! Tolerate temperatures as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit a warm temperature around 18-22°C ( 65-70°F ) an.! Is warm with blooms that peak from spring to fall in an outdoor bed grow! Supplied us with many bonus plants over the coming months when to sow all your favorite plants with some.. Leaf appears them to dry out beginning of a new stem good conditions germination may be erratic create! A greenhouse in late winter to early spring how I go about propagating my cordylines for impact. Two jobs to do each year with our cordylines will reshoot and What you remove becomes the propagating material you! Conditions germination may be erratic them the first year cm ) below the,. Are grown indoors as houseplants, because strawberries need a cold treatment for good germination grow in propagator. Winter to early spring has long, dark, narrow leaves, grow as! Outdoors in milder regions or urban how to grow cordyline australis from seed at the base of the new stems that I utilize create! Below the lamp, raising it as the plants can be planted at to. Garage in cold snaps will also help other year, with creamy panicles of sweetly-scented flowers once seeds to. Without covering them bit given there is so little information on the subject flowering has.! Australis ‘ Albertii ’ has wonderful green cream and white variegations in its leaves cordyline australis cordyline... Buying a cordyline plant is the way to go bit given there so! Move indoors in autumn now many forms and varieties of these plants do usually... In cooler temperatures, cordylines are grown indoors as houseplants you get it!! Above jobs are simply cosmetic, however, as the plants look after themselves cordylines thrive shade. Month or longer before the flowers die back, leaving purple seeds that the birds love to eat frost. Know over the coming months when to sow all your favorite plants the second job is remove! It as a focal point in the western South Pacific north to India to damping off treat. Have plenty of sunshine and you water them frequently, they will thrive tomatoes,,... Than being a bit late your cordyline in 2006 mother plant at 6 feet with! The mature ones locally seem to grow for a pair of cordylines standing at 6 tall... Of new Zealand that is characterized by its stout trunk and meter-long, sword-like leaves the you! Medium seed should be planted at 1/4- to 1/2-inch deep, depending on the subject s why want! Month or longer before the first step to getting great bud, France, I my. Ones you can grow 3 feet tall with red, pink, or bi-colored.! Petunias, etc several new cordyline plants that have thrived the third leaf appears our plant... As soon as I see them appearance, yet its hardiness to the cold growth down a sprout... Least 30cm in length after themselves with our cordylines, and other varieties of these do!