Due to this, I have spend the past weekend preparing my fibers to start spinning on the 3rd. Alternatively, you may prefer to use less washing soda and more detergent than I suggest.The amount of soda needed depends upon the amount of grease in the fleece and the pH of your water. More usually means a fine wool. Discover (and save!) Low twist allows light to bounce off more fiber surfaces, producing a rich halo glowing effect. Stick the end of the leader through the orifice. Begin with water about 145° , it will cool. Copyright 1999-2020 The Joy of Handspinning. 20 March, 2018 - 12:32 | Sue Blacker. 2. Instead, open your fingers and re-grasp the fiber further down the yarn (this is “woolen-style” spinning). For very greasy adult mohair, I use enough soda to produce a pH of 9 to 10. The spin should be tons of fun, I even found some white and black mohair locks to … Learning how to spin wool is a possible next step, although Pygora goat fiber can be a challenging roving to start spinning. DIY fiber combs and hackle, and how I use them to prepare raw alpaca fiber into roving for spinning. Preparing the mohair. If the lock still feels gummy, repeat step 3, being sure the water temperature is above 125° F.    4. Yearling and young adult goat mohair fall in between kid and adult, they still may be soft, but is a bit coarser and somewhat pricklier than kid.??? Raw mohair fleece is also sometimes available in spinning shops. Compare the fibers, and decide which are best for your purpose. 6:22. The purpose for carding is to separate and straighten the wool fibers. The carded wool is combed and drawn by passing over a series of tines to remove shorter fibers and comb long ones parallel, forming a long continuous rope called a sliver. Any mohair fleece in good condition that is not too short or too tangled can be put to some use by handspinners. Because high temperatures damage mohair, techniques have been devised to dye it at lower temperatures. Spinning The roving as it comes off the card has no twist. I do not wash before spinning, but as alpaca is very dusty ( the little darlings love to roll) many spinners do wash. Its tricky because it felts very easily, but I should imagine that just a soak in water would loosen much of the tiny dust particles. Only a few baby goats will exhibit this "super kid" quality. First, pass up very matted and tangled fleeces. A lingerie bag works wonderfully. Though less of a problem for handspinners than for mills, static electricity occurs when the relative humidity is low and the moisture content of the mohair is less than 10 to 15 percent. Hold the ends of the fibers in the palm of your hand. Wool, Mohair, Alpaca, and Llama fiber can be washed to remove dirt and grease and spun with or without being carded. Rinse a final time. Spinning. Many people will blend in some heavier wool fiber to give the roving some more body and strength for spinning. Check the pH of the final rinse; it should be 6. Adjust the PH of your water if necessary, dissolve enough soda to attain the desired pH: about 1 teaspoon washing soda or 2 to 3 teaspoons of baking soda to every two gallons of pH-neutral (pH 7.0) water. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; Extreme tail spinning takes even longer than tail spinning, since you're placing locks much closer together, thereby shortening the distance between locks and removing the easy parts of the yarn. 14:38. To enhance the luster, I insert only the amount of twist necessary to make a stable yarn suitable for my purpose.If a yarn will be subjected to very hard wear, then durability must be put ahead of enhanced luster and more twist must be inserted. You will have to learn the right ways to shear the animal you are using, but once you have the fleece in front of you, it is time to make it ready for spinning. The white Angora breed has been improved over centuries and I suspect one of the things that was breed out of them was the smell. Get it Saturday, Dec 5 - Wednesday, Dec 9. Lay a lock on your knee, grasping it firmly by one end. This requires a drop spindle or a spinning wheel. "Kid mohair can be used wherever you would use "super kid"; it is often feels just as soft but not quite as fine. Miscellaneous items include: hair for dolls, beards for Santa Claus figures, blankets, upholstery, draperies, carpets and rugs. No fun at all and potentially costly if not a waste of time and effort. Carders are wooden paddles covered in pin board and they often closely resemble cat or dog hair brushes. The small section of fleece should now be clean of debris and ready to be put through the drum carder. Shake fiber and pull apart to remove as much vegetable matter as possible, then put into lingerie or sweater bag. 3. The best average length for most spinning projects is 5 or 6 inches. Use a couple of T of liquid fabric softener to a spray bottle of water. A pH of 6 is perfect. Draft the fibers from the center of the U shape and spin. Some fibers are easier than others to wash and are more tolerant of … Jun 17, 2015 - Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The longer the fiber is, the less twist must be inserted into it to make a stable yarn. The Worsted Process: Combing. A dry fleece lacks bright luster of a desirable fleece. You may want to draw out by hand before spinning, or re-card it to produce a loftier yarn. I like to tie a loop on the end of my leader so that I can begin spinning by sticking my fiber into the loop. If you are trying some fancier type of spinning, like yarn with the curls or other hand processed methods, try the following: a little preparation will save a lot of work and time later. If you are planning to have the mohair mechanically picked or carded this next step is not necessary. Pick out large pieces of hay, straw or other “non-mohair” items (VM). First of all, the enormous price difference between raw wool off the sheep and a ball of wool in the shop is caused by all the work that goes into the ball of wool. Use a natural bristle brush, the kind you would use on your own head. The mohair top I sell is a young adult Top, softest I have found. The finely-carded mohair curls are fed into the spinning wheels and spun into long threads of a required thickness. The handle of the fiber's softness or harshness is an important characteristic, which can only in part be judged by its grade. Yarn was spun by hand for thousands of years using tools that were simple. Most spinning and weaving shops and mail-order sources carry some kind of commercially prepared mohair. I find that tangled locks are easier to comb if I hold each lock under tension and rap on it sharply several times with the teeth of the tool before beginning to brush. The product also has moth prevention properties. • Wrinkle and stretch-resistant Remove the mohair before refilling the tub. It is amazing how a mediocre wool fiber can really be enhanced with some mohair carded in.MOHAIR ROVING Mohair I have processed is into "Roving". I use this process when I am washing locks for the doll wig & beard market or using the locks for adding to felting projects, etc.? 67% kid mohair, 33% wool. Raw buck fleeces may be smelly and stink when wet, but after thorough washing they smell the same as any other clean mohair. This class is designed to help the spinner understand which grade of mohair, and which style of spinning is suitable for the desirable project, and what techniques are truly helpful. Spin the water out in a washing machine (spin-only cycle) or centrifugal spinner after each of the following steps. Due to this, I have spend the past weekend preparing my fibers to start spinning on the 3rd. : Washing wool and other animal fibers can be tricky. Always use enough water to float the mohair, between 1.5 and 2 gallons per pound of mohair, but put the water (and any additives) in the sink or basin before adding the mohair.An additive may be necessary to remove the grease thoroughly unless your water supply is very alkaline. It is very easy to spin into a lofty yarn or semi-worsted yarn. Spin out the water. Check with your water utility or test the water yourself to find out what the unaltered pH of your water is. CONDITION How do you decide whether a fleece is worth your time and money. Whichever of these alternative tools you choose, start by placing a protective piece of heavy leather or other tough material over your knee. In my experience I have only had a problem with goats that were not purebred Angora. Many people will blend in some heavier wool fiber to give the roving some more body and strength for spinning. However, it is much less durable than wool and will lose its lustre and turn brittle and yellow if washed in hot water over 60 °C (140 ° F), which is important to know if dyeing it or preparing fleeces for spinning. Selecting, Preparing and Spinning Mohair 1. Commercially prepared kid mohair sliver or top is rarely available to handspinners because of commercial demand for it. The question is, will it be right for your projects? After separating the locks, put them into mesh bags for washing, to keep them as intact as possible. Carding or combing the mohair will prepare it for spinning. There several excellent books and videos with different approaches to designing fancy yarns.Mohair yarn is a hair fiber, so memory is not one of its strong points. Unevenly combed or carded fiber will produce bumpy yarn. For a fuzzier yarn, you may tear the batts crosswise into smaller batts about the size of those made on hand cards, then spin from one corner to the end. Preparing the mohair. Spinning. Fill the sink with more hot water and soak the fleece for 15 to 30 minutes, agitating it with your hand from time to time. Consulting with the supplier by phone or mail may help you make your decision. Baskets until you are planning to have preparing mohair for spinning mohair mechanically picked or carded fiber produce... And other residue out by hand for thousands of years using tools that were simple alpaca gives the strong... … OBTAINING and EVALUATING MOHAIRSources the U shape can generally get your fleece clean only... 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